The victims: Two people whose bodies have never been found were identified by the chief coroner as the 19th and 20th victims of the disaster, police said on Jan. 23. An earlier statement confirmed that most of those killed were Australian among them were Richard Elzer, 32; Julie Richards, 47; Jessica Richards, 20; Krystal Browitt, 21; Zoe Hosking, 15; Gavin Dallow, 53; Karla Mathews, 32; Jason Griffiths, 33; Kristine Langford, 45; and Anthony Langford, 51.

  • Australian Martin Hollander, 48, died alongside his American wife, Barbara Hollander, 49, and their U.S.-born sons, Berend Hollander, 16, and Matthew Robert Hollander, 13.
  • New Zealander Tipene Maangi, 24, was also confirmed to have died.
  • Police identified the two people who are missing, presumed dead, as Australian Winona Langford, 17, and Hayden Bryan Marshall-Inman, 40, a tour guide from Whakatne, the town on New Zealand’s North Island from which tour boats to Whakaari would leave. His family said last week he had died in the tragedy.
  • The 17th victim was later named as American woman Mayuri Singh. She had three children with her husband, Pratap Singh, who became orphans following his death on Tuesday, the New Zealand Herald reports.
  • The 18th victim died of their injuries in the new year, according to Newshub.

The wounded: Authorities ordered nearly 1,300 square feet of human skin from the U.S. to help treat patients severely burned in the eruption, a top health official said.
What they’re saying: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern told a Dec. 16 news conference that anyone who broke the law over the eruption could face penalties, but it may take up to a year for investigations to be completed.

  • Ardern said the penalties could include a maximum prison sentence of five years and fines of up to nearly US$2 million. She made the comments after observing a nationwide minute’s silence honoring the victims of last Monday’s disaster.
  • WorkSafe, the primary workplace regulator which has prosecutorial powers, has opened a health and safety investigation and the coroner is also conducting an inquiry, said Ardern, who didn’t rule out supporting probes if needed in the future.

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Editor’s note: This article has been updated with new details, including on the death toll, comment from Ardern and the police.